Founders Facts: Why investors love SEIS and EIS

An Introduction to SEIS and EIS: The Seed Enterprise Investment Scheme (SEIS) and the Enterprise Investment Scheme (EIS) are important for UK Angel Investors and Founders. If Founders understand the benefits of (S)EIS to investors it can help them attracting and negotiating investment.

What is SEIS?

SEIS is a government approved scheme to encourage investment into early stage companies. It lowers an investor’s risk of investing in young companies by them offering tax relief. Qualifying companies can raise up to £150,000 under the SEIS scheme. An individual investor can invest as much £100,000 in any tax year. In return HMRC provides initial income tax relief of up to 50% of the value of the money invested.

This automatically takes away 50% of the risk of investment.If the company succeeds and the investors make a gain on the sale of his/her shares, the gain is exempt from Capital Gains Tax (CGT). If the company fails, the investors can offset the loss on the shares against their income tax bill.

This means there is a win-win on all sides. Investors have any potential risk reduced, Founders receive funding and the UK economy sees investment in its most innovative businesses.What is EIS? For those companies which outgrow the SEIS scheme, the EIS scheme is available. It is SEIS’s “bigger sister”, if you like and works in a similar way. Companies can raise up to £5,000,000 under the EIS scheme.

Any one individual investor can invest up to £1,000,000 per person per year in qualifying companies. Initial income tax relief is 30% of the value of the money invested. An added benefit is that EIS has a ‘carry back’ facility which allows for investments to be applied to the preceding tax year.

Did you know that?

Investors IRRs grew to 42% when factoring in SEIS/EIS investment relief. This is 3x greater than the average IRR of 14% excluding the impact of SEIS/EIS, (Source: Seedrs, Sep 2016). HMRC underwrites up to 72.5% of the invested sums through income tax reliefs for investors… and up to 100% of the investment could be underwritten with capital gain reliefs.If the right conditions are met, there will be no tax to pay at exit.


1: No SEIS/EIS and Successful Exit after 3 yearsScenario

2: SEIS/EIS and Successful Exit after 3 yearsScenario

3: No SEIS/EIS and Loss-making InvestmentScenario

4: SEIS/EIS and Loss-making Investment

5 way investors can obtain SEIS / EIS Tax Relief

1. Initial investment

Detail Income Tax relief is 50% (SEIS) or 30% (EIS) on the amount invested up to a maximum of £100k for SEIS and £1m for EIS per individual in a tax year.

Example If your investor invests £100k then under SEIS, they save £50k on their income tax or £30kunder EIS.They claim the income tax relief for the tax year in which the shares were issued, or they can carry back the relief.Relief is limited to the extent there is an income tax liability to claim against.

2. Exit

Detail The big one! No CGT to pay if shares are sold more than 3 years after investment.

Example If your investor invests £100k in a company and sells the shares 4 years later for £1m, then the £900k gain is tax free.This allows for a significant CGT saving of £180k!

3. Bust

Detail If the worst happens and the company does not make it, your investor loses money. The loss on the shares disposed of can be set against your investor’s income or capital gains to reduce his/her tax liability. This is important for limiting losses on the investment.

Example Your investor invests £100k into your Start-Up. If the business is wound up, then the investor can obtain £22.5k (SEIS) or £31.5k (EIS) income tax relief on their loss, assuming they are a 45% tax rate payer. Their total loss is therefore £27.5k (27.5%) under SEIS or £38.5k (38.5%) under EIS including the income tax relief claimed after investment.

4. Initial investment – carry back

Detail Amount subscribed for shares in SEIS/EIS companies can be treated as if it was made in the tax year before the investment was made.

Example If no prior year SEIS investments were made, your investor can invest up to £200k (max £100kper company) with a saving of £100k (£200k at 50%) on their tax bill.

5. Initial investment – Loss relief against income on gains

Detail Investors can claim exemption for 50% of a capital gain realised in a tax year when the proceeds are re-invested in the same tax year in qualifying SEIS / EIS companies. This will save an investor 10% tax in the case of SEIS (i.e. 50% of the current CGT rate of 20%).

Example Your investor has a capital gain of £100k which is taxable at 20% and makes a £100kinvestment into a qualifying SEIS company. The investor will save £10k in CGT (20% x 50% x £100k = £10k).Tax Relief from Inheritance Tax An investment in an SEIS or EIS qualifying company should qualify for 100% relief from Inheritance Tax, so long as the investment has been held for two years and is still held at time of death. Video Watch Watch the video, The Case for the New Investor which gives a simple animated description of how SEIS works.

How Ignition Financial Helps Founders

Ignition Financial helps Founders secure SEIS and / or EIS investment status by: Advising on structuring, eligibility and pitfalls to avoid before and after you raise capital

Obtaining Advance Assurance from HMRC by drafting and submitting the application and supporting materials. We then respond to HMRC’s questions. Making sure you are compliant and obtaining investor certificates.

Adam Brodie Co-Founder, Ignition Financial,

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The world’s first crypto communicator BitVault was introduced at London Fintech Week

The world’s first crypto communicator BitVault was introduced to the FinTech community at London Fintech Week. The BitVault is developed by Embedded Downloads limited, an Anglo-Irish company with development offices in Limerick Ireland and production facilities in Dehli India. 

According to Hein Marais, CEO of Embedded Downloads, the company has identified the integration of blockchain technology, cryptography and physical devices as a niche area of development creating a safe and secure digital environment of the future, thus the development of the BitVault, the world’s first crypto communicator.  According to the company, the crypto communicator is not only a smartphone but a secure banking device, secure media storage device, and identification system.

The company’s secure private key generation using a concept called dynamic key generation with the aid of biometrics and cryptography ensures that the product can only be used by the person associated with the private keys.  This creates a unique identification check verified by a blockchain and thus perfect for secure messaging to a financial institution, insurance company, medical practitioner or any other parties relying on secure communication, for example a bank can identify a client with absolute certainty without the need of the client to visit the physical location of the bank.
The company has developed an app store for the BitVault, creating an environment where software developers can develop applications specific to the blockchain and the BitVault’s unique environment, examples such as a secure digital banking, secure calling, secure messaging, media vault and secure browsing.
The company expects the BitVault to be used by individuals increasingly concerned with privacy and security as well as institutions who require privacy and security in their communication.  The BitVault is currently in beta production and some of the capabilities were demonstrated by the company during the London FinTech Week.  Commercial production of the BitVault will commence in September 2017 with the first orders being shipped by November.

The company sees the BitVault as the first in a series of “Encryption of Things” technologies with analysists expecting more than 20 Billion devices linked to the internet by 2020, the future looks bright.

Introducing the World’s First Blockchain Phone

  • Biometric technology security enabled by fingerprint recognition, and iris scan.
  • Third Party Independent Multilayer Security(3IMS)
  • Secure Encrypted Messaging through a Private Blockchain
  • Documents, Photos and videos transferred securely over Private Blockchain
  • Secure Encrypted Voice and Video calling
  • Bitcoin Vault and 5 Bitcoin wallets, safe and secure
  • Removable security key for enabling your device
  • 5.5 Inch Touch Screen
  • 64 bit 2.0GHz Octa Core Processor
  • 4GB RAM and 64GB Flash Storage
  • 4G LTE, WiFi, Bluetooth
  • 13MP Back camera and 8MP front camera
  • BitVault application store for new Blockchain and cryptocurrency apps
For more information go to

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